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Malik Ayub Sumbal is Senior Broadcaster, Political Commentator, and Media Consultant. Malik has been associated with world-leading media outlets and news channels. He has more than 18 years of experience while working on key editorial positions. Malik was President at the Consortium for Press Freedom (CPF), a leading organization working for the Press Freedom and Free Speech around the world.

Nagorno-Karabakh back on the gun’s barrel

Azerbaijan waited for 30 years for the United Nations (UN), OSCE Minsk Group, and other meditators to give this country justice on Nagorno-Karabakh that is​ being​ internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan.

United Nations (UN) made a handful of resolutions on Nagorno-Karabakh,​ but there was no mechanism ​defined to ​end the Armenia​n ​occupation ​and give this land back to Azerbaijan except for formal wordings and paperwork.


Baku has been into the long battle of Nagorno-Karabakh almost since they raised their issue on every forum in the world. Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev and then now the current President Ilham Aliyev fought the case of Azerbaijan at every forum from the United Nations (UN) to the Munich Security Conference.


Azerbaijan has been telling the world for three decades that their 20 percent land Nagorno-Karabakh has occupied by Armenia and there are United Nations (UN) four resolutions on it to end this occupation but to no avail.


Unfortunately, the world bodies and the mediators wasted the time of Azerbaijan by lingering this issue while engaging both countries in useless working group meetings, fact-finding missions, asking for restraining on both sides, and dialogues with a peaceful solution.


Azerbaijan comes forward for the sake of self-defense after July 12, the incident when Armenia challenged the Azerbaijani border and attack inside Tovuz, a district of Azerbaijan. Armenia takes the Azerbaijan army much easily, and that attack was the biggest mistake of the Armenia Prime Minister Nikolas Pashinyan who miscalculated the strength of the Azerbaijan army.


Azerbaijan tested the patience of Azerbaijan again, but this time it’s backfiring badly that Armenia losing its control over the occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh. To attack Azerbaijan on July 12 was the turning point of 30 years’ conflict of Nagorno-Karabakh.


This attack has changed immediately all the backdoor diplomatic efforts and put this conflict on the hot barrel of the gun. Even after July 12, Azerbaijan acts with much restraint and to avoid conflict, but the border aggression was increasing so finally the Karabakh full-fledged war begun.


The Nagorno-Karabakh war is not only the defeat of Armenia that is fleeing from peaceful negotiation and dialogues. ​ ​B​ut it is the failure of all those organizations and stakeholders who were given the mandate to resolve a peaceful solution of this frozen conflict. ​


This war has raised questions mark on the formation of all such organizations whose main objective is to resolve the conflict like Nagorno-Karabakh. When such kinds of originations have no power to resolve frozen conflict, then what the purpose of such organizations to form.


Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev categorically mentioned that Azerbaijan will not stop until fully liberated its territory from Armenia occupation.


The United States (US) is busy in the most complex election of its history, Europe is also not much interested in the current situation of the South-Caucasus, and Russia is also not coming forward for an active strategy.


On Sunday, Armenia fired missiles on the second largest city of Ganja, the second largest city of Azerbaijan. The act is being termed as the worst provocation and aggression by Azerbaijan authorities. However, the incident could vast the canvas of war between two countries if this tit for tat situation further continues.


Both Azerbaijan and Armenia ​are not willing to come to the ceasefire and dialogue table. Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev mentioned that Armenians must leave the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, and the Azerbaijani forces will liberate it all.

Malik Ayub Sumbal is an Award-Winning journalist, Geopolitical Analyst, Commentator & Moderator. He is the author of his newly published book Tovuz to Karabakh, A Comprehensive Analysis of War in South-Caucasus. He tweet @ayubsumbal